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Narrative Prozesse und (De)Stigmatisierung

Projektleitung

Jun.-Prof. Dr. Matthias R. Hastall (Ansprechpartner)

Univ.-Prof. Dr. Ute Ritterfeld

 

Projektmitarbeiter

Alexander Röhm, M.A.

 

Zusammenfassung

Im Rahmen dieses Projektes wird untersucht, wie verschiedene Aspekte des Unterhaltungserlebens wie Spaß oder Spannung beim Schauen eines Films stigmatisierende Einstellungen beeinflussen. Es wird angenommen, dass diese narrativen Prozesse beim Konsum fiktionaler Erzählungen Verhaltens- und Einstellungsänderungen gegenüber gezeigten Personen erklären können.

 

Vorträge

  • Röhm, A., Hastall, M. R. & Ritterfeld, U. (2015, Mai). How movies shape attitudes towards individuals with schizophrenia: Examining relationships between entertainment experience and stigmatization. Vortrag auf der 65. Jahrestagung der International Communication Association (ICA), San Juan, Puerto Rico.
  • Röhm, A., Hastall, M. R. & Ritterfeld, U. (2015, April). Movie effects on viewers’ attitudes towards individuals with schizophrenia: How entertainment experience affects stigmatization. Vortrag auf der ICA Regional Conference „Expanding Communication: Old Boundaries and New Frontiers“, Lodz (Polen).
  • Röhm, A., Hastall, M. R. & Ritterfeld, U. (2014, November: angenommener Vortrag): Narratives and destigmatisation: Relationships between movie portrayals, narrative processing, and attitude change. Vortrag auf der 50. Jahrestagung der World Association of Social Psychiatry (WASP), London (UK).

Abstract

Aim. This study investigates the impact of watching a movie about schizophrenia on recipients’ attitudes towards affected individuals.
Background. Media portrayals of mental health problems are known to shape public attitudes about mental illness (e.g., Maier et al., 2013). Relatively little is known about the role of movies in this process, and particularly about the importance of narrative-specific processes such as transportation into a story (e.g., Green & Brock, 2000) and viewers’ enjoyment (e.g., Oliver & Bartsch, 2010).
Method. Thirty-one female students (M = 22.4 years, SD = 2.54) watched a movie about a person with schizophrenia. Participants’ social distancing and attitudes toward individuals with mental health problems were assessed one week before watching the movie, directly after watching it, and one week later using standardised scales (Angermeyer & Matschinger, 1995; Angermeyer et al., 2003). Narrative engagement (Busselle & Bilandzic, 2009), enjoyment, and appreciation (Oliver & Bartsch, 2010) were measured directly after watching the movie. Twenty students who did not watch the movie served as control group (M = 23.8 years, SD = 3.26).
Results. Analyses did not show significant difference between experimental and control group, and also no changes in social distance or attitudes within the experimental group. Narrative engagement and enjoyment, however, influenced changes in benevolence within this group.
Conclusion. Findings indicate that not only the accuracy of the depicted content, but particularly the narrative processes triggered by it are critical to understand the potential of movies to alter attitudes towards individuals with mental illness.

Publikation

  • Röhm, A., Hastall, M. R. & Ritterfeld, U. (2017). How movies shape students' attitudes toward individuals with schizophrenia: An exploration of the relationships between entertainment experience and stigmatization. Issues in Mental Health Nursing, 38, 193–201. doi:10.1080/01612840.2016.1257672


Nebeninhalt

Anti-Stigma